Spa Safety Tips
What are the health concerns of hot tub?
Hot tubs can provide a breeding ground for a number of bacteria that can cause infection or disease. This includes the Legionella bacteria that cause Legionnaires’ Disease, which can be fatal. As well, thePseudomonas bacteria can cause a number of serious infections, such as severe skin rashes, eye and ear infections, and pneumonia. These bacteria can be easily controlled and removed by maintaining the disinfectant level of the water.
How can I make sure the water is safe?
To make your hot tub as safe and enjoyable as possible, always consider the following precautions.
If you are unsure of the maintenance or water quality, do not enter the hot tub. "If in doubt, stay out."
Cleanliness and Disinfection
It is the owner's responsibility to ensure the hot tub is clean and the water is properly disinfected to prevent the spread of disease. It is important to maintain the proper level of disinfectant to ensure clean and safe water. Chlorine and bromine are the most commonly used disinfectants. The more a hot tub is used, the faster the disinfectant in the water gets used.
Before and after use you should check and add chlorine or other disinfectant if it is low.
To help keep your hot tub clean, you should also drain and scrub it with a spa cleaning solution (a capful or 5ml per 4 litres of water) at least monthly, or more often for heavily used hot tubs. Filters and pumping systems should also be cleaned and serviced on a regular basis.
Bacteria and dirt on surfaces may enter into the water with you. Always keep surfaces and decks clean. Steam condensing under the lid can be a perfect place for many bacteria to live, so it should be wiped off with a spa cleaning solution.
Always shower or bathe before using a hot tub. Use soap to remove body oils. This helps keep the hot tub free of germs and will use less disinfectant. It is strongly advised NEVER let anyone waring fake tan enter the spa without showering first. Fake tan can be extreamly difficualt to clean from filters and leave a oily like residue on the top of the water.
The temperature of a hot tub should never exceed 40°C or 104°F. Staying or bathing in hot water for a long time can cause severe heat-related illnesses and even death.
Pregnant women may be at higher risk of overheating when they are in a hot tub or hot water. Always consult your doctor before use.
Hot tub use
Excessive heat and long soaks should be avoided. Make sure to lower the temperature to below 38.9°C or 102°F. Ask an adult to help you in and out of the hot tub. You should get out right away if you feel dizzy or faint or if you have a rapid pulse, irregular heartbeat, stomach pain or tingling in the hands or feet.
Every hot tub is designed for a certain number of bathers at one time. You should know what the number is and not exceed it.
Children are at higher risk
All hot tub should have restricted access to prevent drowning. Access can be restricted by using a fence or lockable gate. The spa lid also have a lock facility which should be used at all times when not in use.
Children must be supervised at all times. Most hot tub accidents involving children occur when the children are not supervised, or while their supervisors are distracted, even for a moment.
Children are at higher risk of overheating than adults. Children should not stay in hot tubs for more than 10 minutes at a time. Toddlers and babies are most at risk to over-heating and should not go in a hot tub.
Alcohol and drugs
Alcohol and drugs increase risk. Most adult accidents in the hot tub environments are alcohol or drug related. Alcoholic beverages and some drugs can cause drowsiness. They can also lower the body’s resistance to the effects of overheating.
Walk, do not run
Hot tubs are slippery places. Do not allow running around the edges. Be careful getting in and out, as many models have very slippery sides.
Properly installed handrails can reduce the risk of injuries from slips or falls. Make sure the handrails cannot trap someone under water.